By Establihing Specialized departments, Verkaan group is currently registered and active in East Asian & Eurasian countries in the field of marine industries marketing, investment, tourism, export management, technology transfer, metal & mineral industries and market development.
Verkaan with engineering background, design and construction of MR ships , VLCC and Afra Max in South Korea by Sung Dong Shipyard as the MANDATE of Iran Supreme Council of Marine Industries is active in the field of purchase, ordering the construction of floating vessels, and supply of parts and equipment for the maritime industry.
The Verkaan Group is in cooperation with Samsung Heavy Industry (SHI), Hyundai Motor & Engineering (HMC), (HEC), Daewoo Shipyard Marine Engineering (DSME), Posco E&C, Hanwha E&C, Global and Singaporean, Indian and Iranian companies.
Cargoes shall be divided into dry, liquid and specialised, with each of these divided further into sub categories. Dry cargoes include bulk, general and breakbulk, containers, reefer and Ro-Ro. Liquid cargoes are predominantly oil based but may also include chemicals and liquefied gasses. Specialised cargoes include passengers, livestock and heavy-lift/project.
Dry Cargo Ships:
Historically, dry cargo vessels were the mainstay of the world's merchant fleet. Known as general cargo vessels, they would be "geared", that is equipped with their own cargo loading equipment, usually in the form of derricks. The cargo would be stowed in different holds and the speed and effectiveness of the loading/unloading process would depend on the skill of the ship's crew and the port workers or "Stevedores". Such ships would sometimes operate a regular service between two or more ports as "liners", but could also operate in the "tramp trade" where vessels would go wherever they were required.
unloaded into hoppers and will then be transferred by conveyor to silos or open storage, smaller vessels may discharge directly into road vehicles.
General Cargo Vessels:
Although largely replace by bulk and container carriers, general cargo vessels still operate throughout the world. Cargo is usually in the form of pallets or bags and is known as breakbulk. There may be specialised handling facilities for such cargo, but usually loading and unloading is carried out using cranes and straps (for boxes) or slings (for bags). Loose or irregular cargo is also carried, in this case the vessel's crew and port stevedores will pack the cargo to minimise damage and maximise the utilisation of space.
Container ships are made up of several holds, each equipped with "cell guides" which allow the containers to slot into place. Once the first layers of containers have been loaded and the hatches closed, extra layers are loaded on top of the hatches. Each container is then lashed to the vessel but also to each other to provide integrity. Containers are usually loaded by specialised cranes or even general purpose cranes with container lifting attachments but some small container vessels are geared to allow self-loading/discharging.
Container vessels are used predominantly on liner routes and are some of the biggest vessels afloat. Ultra Large Container Vessels (ULCVs) such as the Emma Maersk (lead ship of the Maersk E-Class vessels) are able to carry approximately 15,000 TEU (depending on container weight). Large container vessels are restricted by their size to certain ports around the world and are also unable to transit certain areas due to draft or, in the case of canals beam, restrictions.
Liquid Cargo Ships:
The first example of ships undertaking a public 'cruise' can be traced back to the nineteenth century but cruising gained mass popularity in the latter twentieth century. Many cruise vessels were originally liners which were sent to warmer climates during seasonal bad weather on their regular routes. Arguably, the last of the liners is the Queen Mary 2, which still operates a regular transatlantic service.
Today, cruise passengers demand and expect a wide range of facilities including casinos, gymnasiums, shops, theatres, cinemas, pools, restaurants and bars. The largest cruise vessels can be up to 360 m. long and 60 m. wide. Popular cruising areas are the Mediterranean, Caribbean and Scandinavia.