METAL & MINERAL

Verkaan Pars Mining & Commercial Group

Verkaan Pars Mininig and Commercial Group is involved in the fields of exploration, extraction, processing and trading of minerals, as a private group in Iran. It is currently active in metallic section of Gold, Copper, Molybdenum, lead & Zinc, Iron & Manganese and in non-metallic section on  Fluorine, Silica, Barite, Feldespar, Industrial and Refractory Soils Carbonates and Mica.

Metals and minerals are at the core of mankind’s existence - vital for infrastructure, transportation and myriad consumer goods - and have been identified as key materials for meeting sustainable development and renewable energy goals. Paradoxically, this intense demand for metals and minerals has propagated the Anthropocene age, with exceptional – and growing – local and global environmental impacts.

​​​​​​​Verkaan Pars Group, due to the Knowledge about the location of mineral reserves and mining law of Iran as well as the awareness of the country’s infrastructure, can guide you in the various mining field for proper and low risk investment.


About


Engineering

Verkaan Pars Mininig Group is in cooperation with processing companies specialized in mineral processing and is active in:

* Study on the applications of raw and processed minerals in various industries
* Mineralogy and mineralography studies
​​​​​​​* Perform all operations related to the concentration and processing of minerals in the laboratory and semi-industrial scales


Exploration

Verkaan Pars with special vision to exploration, as the main expertise of  the group operates in the following areas:

* Finding the potential and evalution of the mineral indicators
* Preliminary, detailed and supplementary exploration operations
* Preparation different type of mineral maps on the different scales
​​​​​​​* Implementation of technical -economic studies and reserve estimation


Extraction

Verkaan Group by equipping a number of its exploration areas, is engaged in the following extraction cases:

* Extraction of metallic and non-metallic minerals
* Initial feasibility from reserve estimation data
* Design and calculation of drilling and blasting
​​​​​​​* Planning and locate of open pit and underground mines

METAL & MINERAL

The following are the list of availabe Metal & Minerals provided by Verkaan Pars.

Chromite is a mineral that is an iron chromium oxide. It has a chemical formula of FeCr2O4. It is an oxide mineral belonging to the spinel group. The element magnesium can substitute for iron in variable amounts as it forms a solid solution with magnesiochromite(MgCr2O4). A substitution of the element aluminium can also occur, leading to hercynite (FeAl2O4). Chromite today is mined particularly to make stainless steel through the production of ferrochrome (FeCr), which is an iron-chromium alloy. Chromite grains are commonly found in large mafic igneous intrusions such as the Bushveld in South Africa and Travancore in India. Chromite is iron-black in color with a metallic luster, a dark brown streak and a hardness on the Mohs scale of 5.5. Chromite minerals are mainly found in mafic-ultramafic igneous intrusions and are also sometimes found in metamorphic rocks. The chromite minerals occur in layered formations that can be hundreds of kilometres long and a few meters thick. Chromite is also common in iron meteorites and form in association with silicates and troilite minerals.


About

Chromite


Properties of Chromite

Chromite can be challenging to identify. Several properties must be considered to differentiate it from other metallic ores. Hand specimen identification of chromite requires a consideration of: color, specific gravity, luster, and a characteristic brown streak. The most important clue to identifying chromite is its association with ultrabasic igneous rocks and metamorphic rocks such as serpentinite.Chromite is sometimes slightly magnetic. This can cause it to be confused with magnetite. Chromite and ilmenite have very similar properties. Careful observations of hardness, streak, and specific gravity are required to distinguish these minerals in hand specimens.

Magnesium frequently substitutes for iron in chromite. A solid solution series exists between the mineral chromite (FeCr2O4) and the isomorphous mineral magnesiochromite (MgCr2O4). Intermediate specimens can be rich in iron ((Fe,Mg)Cr2O4) or magnesium ((Mg,Fe)Cr2O4). For convenience in communication, these minerals are often referred to collectively as "chromite."Some mineralogists give a generalized chemical composition of (Mg,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4 for chromite. This composition recognizes multiple solid solution paths between chromite and hercynite (FeAl2O4), spinel (MgAl2O4), magnesiochromite (MgCr2O4), magnetite (Fe3O4), and magnesioferrite (MgFe2O4).Because of the many different compositions in these solid solution series, geologists and metallurgists often consider "chromite" to be any member of the solid solution series that has a significant Cr2O3 content.


Chromite & Solid Solution


Distribution of Deposites

Chromite is found as orthocumulate lenses of chromitite in peridotite from the Earth's mantle. It also occurs in layered ultramafic intrusive rocks. In addition, it is found in metamorphic rocks such as some serpentinites. Ore deposits of chromite form as early magmatic differentiates. It is commonly associated with olivine, magnetite, serpentine, and corundum. The vast Bushveld Igneous Complex of South Africa is a large layered mafic to ultramafic igneous body with some layers consisting of 90% chromite making the rare rock type, chromitite. The Stillwater Igneous Complex in Montana also contains significant chromite. Chromite is found in large quantities that is available for commercial mining. The chromite minerals are found in 2 main deposits, which are stratiform deposits and podiform deposits. Stratiform deposits in layered intrusions are the main source of chromite resources and are seen in countries such as South Africa, Canada, Finland, and Madagascar. Chromite resources from podiform deposits are mainly found in Kazakhstan, Turkey, and Albania. Zimbabwe is the only country that can obtain chromite resources from both stratiform and podiform deposits.
  
Small amounts of chromite are found in many types of rock. However, chromite deposits that are large enough for mining are generally found in:
    1) stratiform deposits (large masses of igneous rock such as norite or peridotite that slowly crystallized from subsurface magma);
    2) podiform deposits (serpentines and other metamorphic rocks derived from the alteration of norite and peridotite)
    3) beach sands (derived from the weathering of chromite-bearing rocks).

Stratiform deposits are large masses of igneous rock that cooled very slowly in subsurface magma chambers. During this slow cooling, chromite and associated minerals crystallized early while the magma was still at a very high temperature. Their crystals then settled to the bottom of the magma chamber to form a layered deposit. Some of the layers in these deposits can contain 50% or more chromite on the basis of weight.Most of the world's known chromite occurs in two stratiform deposits: the Bushveld Complex in South Africa and the Great Dyke in Zimbabwe. Other important stratiform deposits include: the Stillwater Complex in Montana, the Kemi Complex of Finland, the Orissa Complex of India, the Goias in Brazil, the Mashaba Complex of Zimbabwe and small deposits in Madagascar. Nearly all of these are Precambrian in age.


Stratiform Deposites


Podiform Deposites

Podiform deposits are large slabs of oceanic lithosphere that have been thrust up onto a continental plate. These slabs of rock, also known as "ophiolites," can contain significant amounts of chromite. In these deposits the chromite is disseminated through the rock and not highly concentrated in easy-to-mine layers. Podiform deposits are known in Kazakhstan, Russia, the Philippines, Zimbabwe, Cyprus, and Greece.The first discoveries of podiform chromite deposits were made near Baltimore, Maryland in the early 1800s. These deposits supplied nearly all of the world's chromite until about 1850. These deposits were small and are no longer in production.

Chromite is found in beach sands derived from the weathering of chromite-bearing rocks and laterite soils that developed over peridotite. Beach sand rich in chromite and other heavy minerals is sometimes mined, processed to remove heavy minerals, and returned to the environment.Two facts allow these chromite sands to occasionally contain economic deposits of chromite. First, chromite is one of the more weathering-resistant minerals of peridotite. That causes it to be concentrated in residual soils that form in the weathering zone above chromite-rich rocks. Second, chromite has a higher specific gravity than other minerals in peridotite. This causes it to be selectively transported and deposited by wave and current actions, concentrating it in certain locations at streams and beaches. These deposits are sometimes rich enough and large enough that they can be mined for chromite.


Beach Sands

Bushveld stratiform chromite deposit: A field photo of the Bushveld LG6 chromite seam. This clearly shows the stratiform nature of the deposit. USGS photo by Klaus Schulz.

Chromite from South Africa: Chromite from the Transvaal area of South Africa. This specimen is approximately 3.5 inches (9 centimeters) across.

Chromite from Zimbabwe: Chromite from Shurugwi, Zimbabwe. Specimen is approximately 4 inches (10 centimeters) across.

Chromite can be used as a refractory material, because it has a high heat stability. The chromium extracted from chromite is used in chrome plating and alloying for production of corrosion resistant superalloys, nichrome, and stainless steel. Chromium is used as a pigment for glass, glazes, and paint, and as an oxidizing agent for tanning leather. It is also sometimes used as a gemstone.
Chromite Sand is a naturally occurring spinel consisting primarily of the oxides of chrome and iron. It is a by-product of ferro-chrome production and is mainly used in foundry applications and in glass production.It is used as a highly fireproof sharpener for moulds and cores.

Chromite Sand in the foundry industry
·        Its properties enable the material to be used in high duty grey iron and steel foundries as core and mould making sand.
·        Its high thermal conductivity gives it good chilling properties, low thermal expansion gives rise to good dimensional stability.
·      Its basicity being close to neutral allows the use of a wide range of resin bonding systems and inorganic binders, it has a high refractoriness and a broad sieve distribution.
·        Chromite Sand in the steel industry: In steel production, Chromite Sand is used as well filler for protection of the sliding gate in large steel holding ladles.
·        Chromite Sand in the glass industry: When ground to a fine flour, Chromite Sand is used for the production of green glass beverage containers.


Applications

The only ore of chromium is the mineral chromite and 99 percent of the world's chromite is found in southern Africa and Zimbabwe. Geologists estimate that there are about 11 billion tons of mineable chromite ore in the world, enough to supply the current demand for hundreds of years.


Chromite Ore Distribution Across the World


Chromite Mines in Iran

More than 74 chromite potentials have found in different ophiolite terrains of Iran, 18 of them are currently mining and four of them are in different stages of exploration. .The country's proven reserves stand at about 10 million tons, with the miners extracting 375,000 tons of the mineral every year. Most of the minable deposits have been discovered and have been mined in last decade, but due to tectonic disturbance, their distribution patterns and their extents always remained as puzzle for the prospectors. The mode of occurrence of almost all Iranian chromite deposits is podiform and the shape on the ore bodies is like a pod, a lens or a rod and they are highly discontinuous in structure Based on the morphology, age of the host rocks and available age dating on some of the ophiolite hosted chromite deposits , it seems that the chromite deposits of Iran could be categorized as late Proterozoic to recent chromite type of Stowe . According to Stowe, in these types of deposits, ophiolite-hosted podiform chromite deposits predominate, indicating plate tectonic settings similar to those of present times. The deposits are hosted by ophiolites that were tectonically re-emplaced along extinct convergent plate sutures. High degree of serpenti nization is a major characteristics feature of ophiolitehosted Iranian chromite deposits. The host of chromium ore in these deposits is mainly serpentinite, dunite and harzburgite. Several magnesite veins are usually seen within all of the chromite deposits. The texture of the chromium ore of the deposits in Iran is usually orbicular or nodular, and the ore consists of spherical chromite in a serpentine or olivine matrix. The nodules range in diameter from less than 2 mm to more than 2 cm. The type of chromite in almost all deposits is moderately refractory and Cr/(Cr+Al) atomic ratio ranges from 0.4 to 0.8. The highest Cr/Fe ratio in Faryab chromite mine  is reported to be 3.5

Fluorite is an important industrial mineral composed of calcium and fluorine (CaF2). It is used in a wide variety of chemical, metallurgical, and ceramic processes. Specimens with exceptional diaphaneity and color are cut into gems or used to make ornamental objects.Fluorite is deposited in veins by hydrothermal processes. In these rocks it often occurs as a gangue mineral associated with metallic ores. Fluorite is also found in the fractures and cavities of some limestones and dolomites. It is a very common rock-forming mineral found in many parts of the world. In the mining industry, fluorite is often called "fluorspar.


About

Fluorite


Physical Properties of Fluorite

Fluorite is very easy to identify if you consider cleavage, hardness, and specific gravity. It is the only common mineral that has four directions of perfect cleavage, often breaking into pieces with the shape of an octahedron. It is also the mineral used for a hardness of four in the Mohs Hardness Scale. Finally, it has a specific gravity of 3.2, which is detectably higher than most other minerals.Although color is not a reliable property for mineral identification, the characteristic purple, green, and yellow translucent-to-transparent appearance of fluorite is an immediate visual clue for the mineral.

In 1852, George Gabriel Stokes discovered the ability of specimens of fluorite to produce a blue glow when illuminated with light, which in his words was "beyond the violet end of the spectrum." He called this phenomenon "fluorescence" after the mineral fluorite. The name gained wide acceptance in mineralogy, gemology, biology, optics, commercial lighting, and many other fields. (See photo pair for an example of fluorite fluorescence in tumbled stones.)Fluorite typically glows a blue-violet color under short-wave ultraviolet and long-wave ultraviolet light. Some specimens are known to glow a cream or white color. Many specimens do not fluoresce. Fluorescence in fluorite is thought to be caused when trace amounts of yttrium, europium, samarium, or other elements substitute for calcium in the fluorite mineral structure.


Fluorescence 


Fluorite Occurrence

Most fluorite occurs as vein fillings in rocks that have been subjected to hydrothermal activity. These veins often contain metallic ores which can include sulfides of tin, silver, lead, zinc, copper, and other metals.


Fluorite Appllication 

Fluorite has a wide variety of uses. The primary uses are in the metallurgical, ceramics, and chemical industries; however, optical, lapidary, and other uses are also important.Fluorspar, the name used for fluorite when it is sold as a bulk material or in processed form, is sold in three different grades (acid, ceramic, and metallurgical).

Fluorite is also found in the fractures and vugs of some limestones and dolomites. Fluorite can be massive, granular, or euhedral as octahedral or cubic crystals. Fluorite is a common mineral in hydrothermal and carbonate rocks worldwide.


Acid Grade Fluorspar

Acid grade fluorspar is a high-purity material used by the chemical industry. It contains over 97% CaF2. Most of the fluorspar consumed in the United States is acid grade even if it is used in lower grade applications. It is used mainly in the chemical industry to manufacture hydrofluoric acid (HF). The HF is then used to manufacture a variety of products which include: fluorocarbon chemicals, foam blowing agents, refrigerants, and a variety of fluoride chemicals.


Acid Grade Fluorspar

Ceramic grade fluorspar contains between 85% and 96% CaF2. Much of this material is used in the manufacture of specialty glass, ceramics, and enamelware. Fluorspar is used to make glazes and surface treatments that produce hard glossy surfaces, opalescent surfaces, and a number of other appearances that make consumer glass objects more attractive or more durable. The non-stick cooking surface known as Teflon is made using fluorine derived from fluorite.


Metallurgical Grade Fluorspar

Metallurgical grade fluorspar contains between 60 and 85% CaF2. Much of this material is used in the production of iron, steel, and other metals. Fluorspar can serve as a flux that removes impurities such as sulfur and phosphorous from molten metal and improves the fluidity of slag. Between 20 and 60 pounds of fluorspar is used for every ton of metal produced. In the United States many metal producers use fluorspar that exceeds metallurgical grade.


Optical Grade Fluorite

Specimens of fluorite with exceptional optical clarity have been used as lenses. Fluorite has a very low refractive index and a very low dispersion. These two characteristics enable the lens to produce extremely sharp images. Today, instead of using natural fluorite crystals to manufacture these lenses, high-purity fluorite is melted and combined with other materials to produce synthetic "fluorite" lenses of even higher quality. These lenses are used in optical equipment such as microscopes, telescopes, and cameras.


Lapidary Grade Fluorite

Specimens of fluorite with exceptional color and clarity are often used by lapidaries to cut gemstones and make ornamental objects. High-quality specimens of fluorite make beautiful faceted stones; however, the mineral is so soft and cleaves so easily that these stones are either sold as collector's specimens or used in jewelry that will not be subjected to impact or abrasion. Fluorite is also cut and carved into ornamental objects such as small figurines and vases. These are often treated with a coating or impregnation to enhance their stability and protect them from scratches.

History of (Natural Asphalt or Natural Bitumen) Gilsonite
The mineral predominantly known as Gilsonite (Natural Asphalt or Natural Bitumen) was discovered in the early 1860's, but it was only in the mid-80’s when Samuel H. Gilson started to endorse it as a water-resistant varnish for wooden pilings, as an insulation for wire cable, and as a unique coating for various applications. The initial promotion of the ore was so prosperous that in 1888, Gilsonand a partner established the first company to mine and market Gilsonite (Natural Asphalt) on a more viable scale. Gilsonite was initially offered as "Selects" and "Fines"; the low softening point ore with conchoidal fracture was known as "Selects", and the higher softening point ore with a pencillated structure was known as "Fines". Selects demanded a higher value than Fines due to its higher purity, decent solubility, and effectiveness in the three main protective coating industries, paint, stain, and varnish. However, time and technology have transformed this taxonomy. Gilsonite (Natural Bitumen)  processes nowadays remove most of the inert impurities and on the other hand, innovative, more potent solvents make the higher softening point grades more appealing to potential customers. Today, Gilsonite is classified by two parameters, softening point (a rough measure of solubility) and particle size. All grades convey quality far better than those of rudimentary Gilsonite promoted in the 1880's.


About

Gilsonite

( Natural Asphalt or Natural Bitumen ) , also recognized as Uintahite or Asphaltum, is a Bitumen-impregnated rock (Asphaltite) that primarily originates from Utah and Colorado in the United States of America and Kermanshah province in Iran. It is a naturally produced solid hydrocarbon bitumen. Although discovered in various other regions around the world, its large-scale production is predominantly observed only in Kermanshah of Iran.Gilsonite or Uintahite is a naturally produced hydrocarbon resin with properties that improve the performance of critical applications through multiple industries comprising but not limited to oil and gas, ink, paint, construction, asphalt, and foundry.Gilsonite ore is mined in underground shafts and look alike shiny black obsidian. Initially discovered in the 1860s, about twenty-five years later in the mid-80’s, Samuel H. Gilson promoted it as a varnish, electrical insulator, and waterproofing complex .This distinctive mineral is utilized in more than 160 products, from dark-colored printing inks and paints, to oil well drilling muds and cements, asphalt modifiers, foundry sand additives, and an extensive range of chemical products. This natural asphalt is comparable to hard petroleum asphalt and is frequently entitled as Natural Asphalt , Asphaltite, Uintahite, or Asphaltum. Gilsonite is soluble in aromatic and aliphatic solvents and petroleum asphalt. Thanks to its exceptional compatibility, Gilsonite is often used to harden softer petroleum products. Gilsonite in form is a shiny, black material alike the mineral obsidian. It is brittle and can be easily crushed into a dark brown powder. As an additive to asphalt cement or hot mix asphalt, Gilsonite helps to produce dramatically stabilized paving mixes.

Natural Gilsonite is safe and non-toxic. It is a very pure resinous rock made of a combination of various hydrocarbons. This distinctive natural combination, rich in nitrogen and beta- carotenes is a highly efficient, versatile,and cost-effective additive for many industrial applications. Gilsonite proposes momentous health benefits over synthetic products.
Gilsonite proposes momentous health benefits over synthetic products
​​​​​​​Gilsonite is:
·         Non-toxic (unlike coal or fly ash)
·         Non-carcinogenic
·         Non-mutagenic
·         No extreme safety measures are needed to handle Gilsonite
Passes Gulf of Mexico EPA discharge requirements for deep-water operations.

Gilsonite is found in almost straight, vertical veins across an area roughly 100 kilometers long and 50 kilometers wide. Gilsonite was formed by a unique geologic event millions of years ago, that produced a protopetroleum deposit established at that time to seal large surface cracks, later hardening into the pure resinous rock excavated today. Gilsonite is hand-mined in underground shafts by means of pneumatic jackhammers. We classify Gilsonite by temperature grade, dry and screen it, size it to customer specifications and filter it through extensive quality control measures before shipping to over 80 countries test.


Purity & Quality

Gilsonite in powder , micronized , granules , lump , ore and rock
Gilsonite is black hard resin and brittle that occurs as asphalt complexes in boarder of Iran and Iraq.Gilsonite ore composed mainly of NSO compounds with subordinate saturated and aromatic hydrocarbons. Gilsonite powder is a common drilling mud additive, but it also is used in asphalt paving, roofing and construction paper, paint, ink, explosive, carbon electrodes, and various fuels. At the surface, Gilsonite ore dikes range from several millimeters to more than 5m thick; some are exposed for up to 39km but most are less than 5km in length. The dike cut across various lower Eocene to Oligocene extension fractures caused by local overpressure in oil shale.ATDM Is Iranian Gilsonite rock mine owner and manufacturer of lump and powder in various mesh size in powder and raw type lump with application including FLC which is Fluid Loss Control additives in oil well drilling mud and filtrate control as hole stabilizer for high temperature high pressure oil well HTHP, HTLP and as bitumen modifier to mix with asphalt to improve performance and stability of bitumen. The gilsonite is leading in roof coating, building product coating and road sealcoat crack sealer suppliers. From gilsonite we are producing drilling fluid which is shale inhibitor in drilling fluid and reacting with shale to prevent sloughing and swelling.Gilsonite has different analyze and specification since it is mineral and coming from mine same as other minerals and used in more than 160 products, primarily in dark-colored printing inks and paints, oil well drilling muds and cements, asphalt modifiers, foundry sands additives and a wide variety of chemical products. Gilsonite is compatible with coating material, petroleum resin and oil, pitch and bitumen mixture, vegetable oil and decrease cost of material and homologue with most of materials used in the paint, varnish, primer, mastic, enamel and enamel industry, and at the same time are also highly resistant to acid and alkali materials.

1. Drilling Fluid Loss Control (FLC)
Gilsonite or Natural Asphalt  has long been used in oilfields as a fluid loss additive in drilling fluids. In numerous grades and formulations, Gilsonite has been utilized to fight borehole instability complications, offer lubricity particularly in greatly diverged holes, and lately, as a bridging instrument to contest differential pressure sticking and deliver a less invasive coring fluid. It has scientifically proven that suitably framed Gilsonite products can minimalize hole collapse in foundations comprising water-sensitive sloughing shales, and diminish stuck pipe problems by creating a thin wall cake and an inter-matrix filter cake. Gilsonite products are broadly employed worldwide in water based, oil based, and synthetic based mud systems. Furthermore, Blended Gilsonite  (Natural Asphalt)  is effectively utilized in all water-based systems


Applications of Gilsonite, Natural Asphalt or Natural Bitumen 

2. Oil Sector
Gilsonite is utilized in drilling mud fluids and oil well cementing applications. In a range of softening points and particle sizes, Gilsonite is a typical constituent in oil-based drilling muds used in shales and other demanding geological formations. Adding specially-treated Gilsonite to water-based drilling fluids aids minimizing hole washout by stabilizing difficult shales, and covers highly absorbent sands while decreasing torque and drag. Adding Gilsonite (natural bitumen or natural asphalt) to oil well cements moderates slurry weight without further loss of compressive strength, and works as an active bridging and plugging agent to cover fractures in weak formations in the cementing process

3. Asphalt and Road Paving Sector
Gilsonite is applied as a performance-improving agent in asphalt mixtures. Gilsonite-modified pavement mixtures attain greater PG grades and seamlessly integrate into the asphalt mixture needless of the high shear milling required by many other modifiers. Moreover, Gilsonite-modified asphalts possess greater stability, lower deformation, less temperature vulnerability, and greater resistance to water stripping compared to non-modified asphalts. Gilsonite is also used to produce both solvent-based and emulsion pavement sealers with excellent appearance and weathering properties.

4. Foundry Sector
Gilsonite is mixed with coal and other constituents as an additive in foundry Sands to assure the quality of the molded component by enhancing mold release and the overall surface of metal castings.

5. Chemical Products Sector
Gilsonite (Natural Asphalt)  is mixed with several other chemicals and materials that benefit from its exceptional physical and chemical properties. Various uses of Gilsonite in binder and coating applications in metallurgical, wood product, refractory and other trades promote the adaptability and effectiveness of this outstanding material.

6. Inks and Paints Sector
Gilsonite Resin is extensively employed as the primary carbon black wetting component in black news inks and headset and gravure inks. Gilsonite resin contends favorably with petroleum-based hydrocarbon resins, phenolic resins, and metal resonates, all of which it can supplement or substitute to some extent. Several concentrations of Gilsonite Resin are utilized fabricate low-rub-off news inks with greater gloss and tack properties. On the other hand, distinctive grades of “Selected Gilsonite” are typical elements in black ink formulations, and are used as additives in asphaltic paints and varnishes.

Iron ores are rocks and mineral deposits from which clanging iron can be reasonably extracted. The ores are generally prosperous in iron oxides and fluctuate in color ranging from dark grey, bright yellow, deep purple, to even rusty red. The iron by its own is usually found in the structure of magnetite (Fe3O4), hematite (Fe2O3), goethite, limonite or siderite. Hematite is also identified as "natural ore". The nomenclature dates back to the early years of drawing out, when certain hematite ores comprised 66% iron and could be fed reliably into iron edifice blast furnaces. Iron ore is the unrefined substance utilized to formulate pig iron, which is one of the most important untreated materials to compose steel. 98% of the hauled out iron ore is used to produce steel.​​​​​​​


About

Iron Ore


How Does Iron Ore Form?

Nearly all of Earth's major iron ore deposits are in rocks that formed over 1.8 billion years ago. At that time Earth's oceans contained abundant dissolved iron and almost no dissolved oxygen. The iron ore deposits began forming when the first organisms capable of photosynthesis began releasing oxygen into the waters. This oxygen immediately combined with the abundant dissolved iron to produce hematite or magnetite. These minerals deposited on the sea floor in great abundance, forming what are now known as the "banded iron formations." The rocks are "banded" because the iron minerals deposited in alternating bands with silica and sometimes shale. The banding might have resulted from seasonal changes in organism activity.


Mining & Processing

Iron ore mining can be broadly divided into two categories namely 1) manual mining which is employed in small mines and 2) mechanized mining is suitable for large iron ore mines.Manual mining method is normally limited to float ores and small mines. Mining of reef ore is also being done manually on a small scale. The float ore area is dug up manually with picks, crow bars, and spades, and then the material is manually screened and then stacked up. The waste is thrown back into the pits. The blasted broken ore is manually screened, stacked for the purpose of loading in dumpers for dispatch.Mechanized mining is executed by the extraction of iron ore from surface deposits. The mining areas require all the operations to be mechanized and mining is exceptionally done through systematic formation of benches by drilling and blasting.The physical processes are followed which then remove impurities and the processed ore is stockpiled and blended to meet product quality requirements and then made available to the customers.


What is used for?

The primary use of iron ore is in the production of iron. Most of the iron produced is then used to make steel. Steel is used to make automobiles, locomotives, ships, beams used in buildings, furniture, paper clips, tools, reinforcing rods for concrete, bicycles, and thousands of other items. It is the most-used metal by both tonnage and purpose.

The steelmaking process starts with the processing of iron ore. The rock containing iron ore is ground and the ore is extracted using magnetic rollers. Fine-grained iron ore is processed into coarse-grained clumps for use in the blast furnace. Coal is cleaned of impurities in a coke furnace, yielding an almost pure form of carbon. A mixture of iron ore and coal is then heated in a blast furnace to produce molten iron, or pig iron, from which steel is made.Molten steel from the furnaces passes through continuous casters and is formed into slabs, blooms and billets. These primary steel products are transformed into a wide range of finished steel products through hot and cold rolling processes. Slabs are rolled into flat products; blooms are shaped into girders, beams and other structural shapes; and billets are formed into bars and rods.Our steel is used in a large number of industries including automotive, construction, household appliances and packaging.From basic steel to more advanced products, from long products to flat, from standard to speciality products, from carbon steel to stainless steel alloys – Verkaan Pars co. is able to meet a wide range of customer demands across diverse industries.


From Ore to Steel

Verkaan pars Mining co partners are mostly located in Arak, Kerman, Yazd, Gazvin, Gom, Kashan and Khorasan which they extract iron ore from beneath the surface rock, crush it and concentrate it. Verkaan pars can then either transform it into iron pellets suitable for use in blast furnaces, or transport it directly by truck to one of the deep-water port facility in BIK( Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni)– BA(Bandar Abbas) to be shipped to customers around the world. Iron ore is one of the key ingredient in the production of steel which a large number mostly consumed by steel manufactures’ around world.We have various grades of iron ore lumps & fines from 58^ – 60+.